As China strengthens ties with Russia, the Israel-Hamas war deepens their divide with the U.S.

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As fears grow of a wider conflict in the Middle East, the war between Israel and Hamas appears to be deepening the divide between the United States and its allies on one side and China and its partner Russia on the other.

The divide has been apparent this week at the United Nations Security Council, where efforts to pass a resolution in response to the conflict were stymied by disagreements among members including the United States, Russia and China, all of whom wield vetoes.

As of Saturday, the conflict has killed more than 4,000 people in the Gaza Strip and 1,400 people in Israel, with at least 32 Americans, 19 Russians and four Chinese among the casualties.

While President Joe Biden has emphasized U.S. support for Israel, condemning Hamas’s brutal Oct. 7 attack and backing “restrained” retaliation by Israeli forces, Presidents Xi Jinping of China and Vladimir Putin of Russia have taken a different approach.